Research updates Sep-Oct 2023

Here are some recent research updates relevant to the progress-focused approach:

I. Mindset theory (read more)

1LinkThis study by Handa et al. (2023) shows that large language models such as ChatGPT are effective in coaching teachers to use growth mindset supporting language. Both teachers and students found the model-generated statements useful.Growth Mindset Support Language, ChatGPT.
2LinkResearch by Schoneveld & Brummelman shows that exaggerated praise from teachers can lead to negative stereotypes about the intelligence of children from low-SES backgrounds.Exaggerated compliments, Low SES
3LinkThis study by Gerber et al. (2023) shows that a one-off growth mindset intervention has positive effects on depression symptoms and emotional regulation in autistic young people, but not on anxiety.Growth mindset, Autistic youth
4LinkResearch by Wu & Cai shows that stereotypical beliefs about math skills, mainly conveyed through peers, negatively influence girls' performance. The effect occurs early and reduces effort and self-confidence.Stereotypical Beliefs, Peer Environment
5LinkResearch by Hoyt et al. shows that a growth mindset about poverty leads to greater support for redistribution policies. The study emphasizes the importance of mindset in policies surrounding poverty.Growth mindset, Redistribution policy
6LinkThis article by Kirsten Weir discusses math anxiety, its causes and consequences, and offers tips for parents and educators. The phenomenon can arise at an early age and is partly influenced by social stereotypes.Math anxiety, Growth mindset

II. Progress (read more)

7LinkThis study by Leonard et al. (2023) shows that children between 4 and 6 years old are more motivated to take on challenges when they see improvements in their performance. Constant performance is demotivating.Child motivation, Performance improvement

III. Self-determination theory (read more)

8LinkThis study by Ma et al. (2022) shows that autonomy support by teachers and a growth mindset in adolescents reduce externalizing problems. The effects vary by ethnicity, with a stronger buffering effect of growth mindset among Hui adolescents.Autonomy support, Growth mindset
9LinkThis study by Ma et al. (2023) shows that autonomy support by teachers is associated with positive emotional-behavioral profiles in adolescents. Girls benefited extra from high autonomy support and growth mindset.Autonomy support, Growth mindset
10LinkThis research by Johansen et al. (2023) shows that relevant learning exercises in STEM subjects increase the autonomous motivation, vitality and commitment of students in higher education, based on Self-Determination Theory.Relevance, Learning
11LinkThis research by Bradshaw et al. (2023) emphasizes that mental health in aged care requires more than just physical interventions; autonomy is essential for the well-being of older people.Elderly care, Autonomy

IV. Bias (read more)

12LinkBallinger et al. introduce 'lay theories of diversity initiatives' with two beliefs: Zero-sum beliefs and Win-win beliefs. These theories explain how the majority group responds to diversity policies.Diversity initiatives, Zero-sum beliefs
13LinkResearch by Lackner et al. examines the link between self-confidence and scientific knowledge. Excessive self-confidence is highest among people with average knowledge and this group is the most skeptical about science.Excessive self-confidence, Science communication

V. Wisdom (read more)

14LinkThis study by Zhang et al. shows that a forward-looking time perspective, especially 30 years ahead, improves wise reasoning in interpersonal conflicts. Thinking future-oriented first also improves current reasoning.Future-oriented time perspective, Wise reasoning

VI. Other/misc

15LinkThis study by Itzchakov et al. shows that high-quality listening during disagreements reduces polarization and defensiveness. This happens through positivity resonance and non-defensive self-reflection.High-quality listening, Opinion polarization
16LinkThis study by Wang et al. (2023) concludes that a well-balanced plant-based diet significantly reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer and overall mortality.Plant-based diet, Chronic diseases