Motivation is energy for action. More important than how much motivation you have for something is what the quality of your motivation is. Two sorts of motivation are autonomous motivation and controlled motivation. In this video I explain these concepts and why they are important.
March 26, 2016
Controlled Motivational Orientation and Prejudice
The Mediating Role of Dehumanization
Abstract. This research investigates the effect of controlled versus autonomous motivation on intergroup relations. Two studies were conducted: Study 1 (N = 152 Greek Cypriot undergraduate students) showed that controlled motivational orientation, measured as a personality variable, was related to more prejudicial beliefs toward outgroups, lower intrinsic motives for contact, less desire for contact, and less actual contact with outgroups.
March 22, 2016
Instrinsic motivation, the motivation you feel when you do what you find interesting, and deliberate practice, the goal focused way of practicing in which you, through feedback, make progress by eliminating, step by step, mistakes in your performance, turn out to strengthen each other. Researchers from Estonia, Vink et al. (2014), did a longitudinal study over a period of 12 months in which 163 athletes participated. They found that a higher initial intrinsic motivation predicted more deliberate practice and that higher initial deliberate practice predicted more intrinsic motivation. Over the 12 month period intrinsic motivation and individual deliberate practice were reciprocally related, in other words there was an upward spiral of intrinsic motivation and deliberate practice.
Self-concordant goals are goals that fit with the developing interests and values of a person. This means people have a stronger autonomous motivation for these goals. Previous research has shown that having autonomous goals is associated with achieving more progress and satisfaction. There is also research which has shown that having self-concordant goals leads tot the use of effective self-regulation strategies.
Self-concordance theory I mentioned that Vasalampi et al. (2009) found empirical support for self-condordance theory which says the following: “having personal goals that are selected for autonomous reasons increases goal-directed effort and thereby increases goal progress. Goal progress, in turn, leads to an increase in subjective well-being and adjustment.” Put more simply: goal motivation is related to more goal progress. Two newer publications confirmed the relationship between goal motivation and goal progress but found that it is mediated by several other variables.
In the post Beneficial effects of a progress focus I listed evidence of how a perception of progress toward goals is associated with such things as increased well-being, motivation, and better physical and mental health. In that post, I also mentioned especially that progress leads to increased well-being in particular when it is related to the fulfillment of the individual’s need for autonomy, competence and relatedness (Sheldon & Kasser, 1998).
March 13, 2016
March 11, 2016
How we think and talk about ourselves, and others, can have a great influence on our and others' emotions, behavior, results, and development. Research by Mueller & Dweck (1998), for example, has shown that different types of praise can have different types of effects. Praising traits and abilities can evoke a fixed mindset while praising effort can evoke a growth mindset.
March 8, 2016
here) and that I think the concept is based on a too simple way of thinking about psychology (here - sorry it is in Dutch). Now it appears that the curtain definitely falls for the concept of ego depletion.