Research: protective effect of a growth mindsetClaro et al. (2016) investigated the effects of socioeconomic factors in relation to the mindset of students (read here what mindset is). To this purpose, they analyzed data of all high school students in Chile. A first finding was that the effect of socioeconomic background was roughly an equally strong predictor of academic achievement as mindset. Both factors were strong predictors of school performance. A second finding was that students from lower socioeconomic backgrounds have a lower chance of having a growth mindset (see the figure below).
But students from lower classes who did have a growth mindset, were to a large extent protected from the adverse effects of their low socioeconomic background. Growth Mindset students from the lowest 10% of the population (income-wise), ranked as well as fixed mindset students from the 80% income percentile.