Is it best to try teach children to be strong-willed and persistent? Of might it be more effective to teach children a growth mindset?
Farrington et al. (2012) did a comprehensive literature review and concluded: “It is hard to change academic behaviors and academic perseverance directly without addressing academic mindsets and effective learning strategies. Ironically, trying to directly change behaviors and perseverance is not the best lever for improving students’ academic performance.” “The best ways to improve students’ perseverance and strengthen their academic behaviors is through academic mindsets and learning strategies. This is the central point emerging from our review.”
> Hat tip to Eduardo Briceño