May 18, 2015

20 Psychology principles for teaching and learning

The APA has published a report in which a group of experts has made a list of 20 psychological principles for teaching and learning. The full list can be read in the report (along with explanations of the principles). As a preview, here are some of the principles:

  • PRINCIPLE 1 Students’ beliefs or perceptions about intelligence and ability affect their cognitive functioning and learning. 
  • PRINCIPLE 3 Students’ cognitive development and learning are not limited by general stages of development. 
  • PRINCIPLE 5 Acquiring long-term knowledge and skill is largely dependent on practice. 
  • PRINCIPLE 7 Students’ self-regulation assists learning, and self-regulatory skills can be taught. 
  • PRINCIPLE 10 Students persist in the face of challenging tasks and process information more deeply when they adopt mastery goals rather than performance goals. 
  • PRINCIPLE 11 Teachers’ expectations about their students affect students’ opportunities to learn, their motivation, and their learning outcomes. 
  • PRINCIPLE 16 Expectations for classroom conduct and social interaction are learned and can be taught using proven principles of behavior and effective classroom instruction. 
  • PRINCIPLE 17 Effective classroom management is based on (a) setting and communicating high expectations, (b) consistently nurturing positive relationships, and (c) providing a high level of student support.

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