June 6, 2012

Leadership and fulfillment of the three basic psychological needs at work

Leadership and fulfillment of the three basic psychological needs at work
By Hilde Hetland, Jørn Hetland, Cecilie Schou Andreassen, Stale Pallesen & Guy Notelaers (2011)

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between transformational leadership and a transactional leadership component (management by exception-active), and fulfillment of the basic needs of autonomy, competence and relatedness. The paper is based on cross sectional data from 661 employees who completed validated questionnaires such as the the multifactor leadership questionnaire (MLQ) and the basic need satisfaction at work (BNSW). The data were analysed using structural equation modeling in AMOS 18.0.
The results show that both transformational leadership and the transactional behavior management by exception active are significantly related to fulfillment of the basic needs. Significant regression weights of 0.50 (p , 0:01) 0.46 (p , 0:01), and 0.21 (p , 0:01) from transformational leadership to relatedness, autonomy and competence were also found. Negative and smaller paths were revealed from management by exception to relatedness (¼ 20:12, p , 0:01), competence (¼ 20:12, p , 0:05), and autonomy (¼ 20:18, p , 0:01). Squared multiple correlations (R 2 ) for relatedness, competence and autonomy were 0.28, 0.06, and 0.27, respectively.

1 comment:

  1. We must understand the basic needs of leadership, so that, we perform well in the workplace and build a suitable career. Most probably, people with effective leadership skills are always taking the help of expert advice and leadership programs to develop their leadership style. Good leadership attitude will helpful in the workplace and also helpful in achieving our goals. Thanks for highlighting such wonderful points.
    Leadership Coach


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