Leadership and fulﬁllment of the three basic psychological needs at work
By Hilde Hetland, Jørn Hetland, Cecilie Schou Andreassen, Stale Pallesen & Guy Notelaers (2011)
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between transformational
leadership and a transactional leadership component (management by exception-active), and
fulﬁllment of the basic needs of autonomy, competence and relatedness. The paper is based on cross sectional data from 661 employees
who completed validated questionnaires such as the the multifactor leadership questionnaire (MLQ)
and the basic need satisfaction at work (BNSW). The data were analysed using structural equation
modeling in AMOS 18.0.
The results show that both transformational leadership and the transactional behavior
management by exception active are signiﬁcantly related to fulﬁllment of the basic needs. Signiﬁcant
regression weights of 0.50 (p , 0:01) 0.46 (p , 0:01), and 0.21 (p , 0:01) from transformational
leadership to relatedness, autonomy and competence were also found. Negative and smaller paths
were revealed from management by exception to relatedness (¼ 20:12, p , 0:01), competence
(¼ 20:12, p , 0:05), and autonomy (¼ 20:18, p , 0:01). Squared multiple correlations (R
relatedness, competence and autonomy were 0.28, 0.06, and 0.27, respectively.