March 31, 2012

Video Self-Monitoring (VSM): videos showing how individuals could perform

Positive behavior descriptions in the solution-focused approach
The solution-focused approach helps people to make progress by (1) having them produce vivid descriptions of how they would like to be able to behave (positive behaviors in the preferred future), and (2) vivid descriptions of when they have already, to some extend been able to behave like that (positive behaviors in situations of past success). In addition to this (3) perspective change techniques are used which help people describe from a third person perspective how they themselves would like to able to behave. (More about positive behavior descriptions here). I have now come across a technique which cleverly uses all of these three techniques: Video Self-Monitoring.

Video Self-Monitoring
One of the participants in our solution-focused coaching course mentioned the technique of Video Self-Modeling (VSM) to me. VSM is a technique which enables individuals to view themselves on carefully edited videos while acting successfully. Pioneer in the field of VSM, Peter Dowrick distinghuishes between self review, in which individuals who are already good at something watch a video of themselves that consists of a compilation of their best performances, and feedforward, in which individuals who are not yet competent at a certain skill watch videos of themselves which are edited in such a way that in appears as though they already performs that new skill. Feedforward shows individuals how they could be performing.

Tom Buggey, author of the book Seeing is believing, explains that video footage for a feedforward video can be collected by (1) having the individual imitate a (part of a) behavior, (2) by involving them in role playing, and (3) by letting the camera role to capture rare behaviors. Feedforward is used mainly with children with disabilities and has been found to be especially effective with children with autism (read more). Here is a overview video on VSM.

Seeing is believing
As I have previously written about, vivid descriptions of positive future events can start to feel like descriptions of events which have already occurred. Both the solution-focused approach and VSM seem to capitalize on that principle. If individuals 'see' themselves performing some desired behavior, the must be able to perform that behavior.

Question: what creative applications can you think of which are relevant for your context?

1 comment:

  1. Interesting post again Coert. This immediately made me think of a workshop I attended a few years ago, organised by pediatrician Eric Sulkers. It was on the Marte Meo program, where they use detailed video material to help parents, teachers, child minders etc with their interaction with children. They edit the material in such a way that it reveals what people do that is successful. Another thing I remember clearly is that they focus on micro behavior: a smile, a movement, tone of voice, etc.
    I recently attended a course by Chris Iveson of BRIEF in London and since then I'm more acutely aware of the great effect focusing on that kind of behavior has. I'm surely going to think more about how video could be a useful tool doing that, so thanks again for this post!


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