June 1, 2011

The Development and Evaluation of a Self-Instructional Parent Training Manual Based Upon a Solution-Focused Parent Training Model: In Search of a Miracle

by Ebanks, Tasha E., Psy.D., Alliant International University, San Diego, 2011, 170 pages; AAT 3451887

Abstract: Using the principles and techniques of Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) as a training model this research study hypothesized that exposure to a Solution Focused Parent Training Model would increase parenting satisfaction and perceived self-efficacy and decreases maladaptive behaviors in children. The treatment for this research study consisted of five chapters from a manuscript written to teach parents how to utilize Solution Focused Parenting to help navigate the daily challenges of parenting. A total sample of 100 participants was included in this study. The quantitative data consisted of data derived from the use of two instruments. A modified Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC) as published by Johnston & Mash (1989). Contrary to expectations, these data showed no significant difference between the treatment group and the control group for the Child Behavior Checklist Items. These data did not support the hypothesis; rather they showed no significant change between pretesting and posttesting in terms of parent's perception of their child's behavior.
Analyzing the data from the PSOC showed data completely opposite from the predicted results. That is, parents in the control showed greater levels of total satisfaction, total efficacy and total PSOC. Thus, in terms of the PSOC the results significantly contradicted the research hypothesis. The reasons for these contradictory findings are explored in the discussion section of this dissertation. Qualitative data were collected by means of performing content analyses of weekly check-in emails that were sent to the researcher by the participants. The researcher examined each email document searching for statements that related to the theoretically derived categories of: Emotional Communication; Acquisition of New Information; Encountering Exceptions; Enactive Attainment. A review of these qualitative data suggests exposure to a Solution Focused Parent Training Model has an effect on parent's verbal reports and their subjective sense of the value of the program. Coding the data did in fact verify the four hypothesized factors found in effective parent training programs. Also based on the narratives by the parents there is an indication that positive changes occurred within the parenting process through exposure to a Solution Focused Model of Parent Training. (more info here).

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