- You foster a sense of control in the student, making the student feel that she has command of the material
- You challenge the student -but at a level of difficulty that is within the student's capability.
- You instill confidence in the student, by maximizing success (expressing confidence in the student, assuring the student that the problem she just solved was a difficult one) and by minimizing failure (providing excuses for mistakes and emphasizing the part of the problem the student got right.
- You foster curiosity by using Socratic methods (asking leading questions) and by linking the problem to other problems the students has seen that appear on the surface to be different.
- You contextualize by placing the problem in a real-world context or in a context from a movie or TV show.
Also read: Highly effective tutors: how do they do it?